Science of Providing Electric Service
There is a lot that goes into getting electricity to your home. Here's how massive amounts of electricity get routed to you.
kV = kilovolts = 1,000 volts
To put the volt and kilovolt measurement in perspective, it takes 5 volts to charge your cell phone.
GUC buys power that is supplied through 230-kV transmission lines that run to three different point-of-delivery substations. From there, power is stepped down to 34 kV and 115 kV and goes to the 22 substations located throughout Pitt County.
From those substations, power is sent to the overhead and underground transformers you see in your neighborhood.
Those transformers reduce the power to what your home needs, around 120-240 volts.
The voltage gets reduced again for residential, commercial, and industrial use.
The bottom line is, when electricity reaches GUC's system, it's equal to 230,000 volts (or 230-kv). That's a lot of electricity, and why we step it down as it’s moved through our system.
This video explains how it works: